Uzbekistan Tours: Tour 13
Activity: Cultural tour
Duration: 10 days
Day 1: Your plane lands at the airport. Moving in the city of Tashkent. A transfer to Hotel. In the second half of the day is flight to Urgench. Arrival in Urgench, transfer to a hotel in Khiva. Urgench capital of the Khorezm region, Northwest Bukhara through the Kyzyl Kum Desert. It is located between Amu Dari (in river delta) and on the border with Turkmenistan. Night in the hotel organizes.
Day 2: After breakfast tour: Ichang-Kala - city heart, where the majority of the architectural and historical monuments. It is the so called "an internal city" is surtoured through a wall of 2.2 km. Ichang-Kala with tall minarets and domes of the roof provides an environment of residential buildings, the rich tradition of the popular eastern architecture: monumental shapes, decorative carved pillars, doors and ceilings, original patterns and bright ceramics. Night in the hotel organizes.
Day 3: Today you will departure to Bukhara via Kyzyl Kum (red sands) deserts (435 km). A fruitless landscape is the home for chipmunks and turtles. The route stop to see the river Amu Darya, known scientists, such as the Oxus. Because of irrigation of cotton fields, the river dries quickly begun during the time of the Soviet Union. Travel takes 5 to 6 clock. Night in the hotel organizes.
Day 4: After breakfast full day tour. In the morning on a website: Citadel Arc. This city in Royal City is the home of the governors of Bukhara more a millennium. An ark, as old as Bukhara. The fortress of the focus of attention, tour, the medieval town was developed. Night in the hotel organizes.
Day 5: Today, Moving to Samarkand (268 km) through Shakhrisabz, the earth Tamerlana. Shakhrisabz (Green City) is a small town in the south of Samarkand, laying over the hills in a province of the squash-dari. It is Timur's hometown and as soon as it possibly has Samarkand sit in shade. Night in the hotel organizes.
Day 6: After a delicious breakfast to see on tour all day for you, there are a lot of miracles of Samarkand. Since morning to address: the Registan area for 13 centuries as the area known market, was the center of trade and cultural life of medieval Samarkand. It will be surtoured three madrasahs built in the different eras. The basic museum exhibitions: Model of an ancient city and fortifications, a pottery, the gun, coins, altars and lists from all of the 7th Century. Overnight at the hotel organizes.
Day 7: After breakfast a disk to Tashkent. In tour day of Tashkent city. You can see some places to visit include: the Museum of History of the people of Uzbekistan, the largest museums of Tashkent contains 8,000 exhibits. Archaeological finds in a museum, the present life of the people of Central Asia and also a life of Uzbek people from the earliest times to the present. This picturesque, noisy and full of local color. Night in the hotel organizes.
Day 8: Today you have survey of sights of Tashkent city, including visits to Chorsu a market in an old part of the city of Tashkent, Kukuldash mosques and haste of the Imam - the official religious center for Muslims in Central Asia, the Khan (16 percent), Till the sheikh of the mosque - the Osmanli Turk of the Quran consists of madrasas of Barrack, it is the world's oldest Koran is considered to the library of the Mosque. A dinner. Moving to Samarkand (4 hours). Arrival to Samarkand. Settlement in the hotel. Overnight at the hotel is organized in Samarkand.
Day 9: the famous Registan area (with Sher Dor 17th century, Tilla measles and Ulugbek Century 15), Zinda necropolis Shokhi (the most important pilgrimage site in Samarkand), the remains of grandiose: Today its about sights of Samarkand, which belong to you Bibi Khanum Mosque, Gur-Emir Mausoleum (where are conqueror Amir Timur (Tamerlane), his two sons and two grandchildren buried, 15th century), Observatory of Ulugbek. A dinner later in the day. Overnight at the hotel is organized in Samarkand.
Day 10. After breakfast a slice to Bukhara by Shahrisabz Shakhrisabz attractions including: There is an Ak-scales (Tamerlane's summer palace), the (Century 14) Cook-Gumbaz mosque (15th century), Hazrat Imam ensemble. A dinner. Arrival in Bukhara. Settlement in the hotel. A dinner. Overnight in Bukhara organized.
Day 11: After breakfast survey of sights of Bukhara: Ismail Samonid the Mausoleum (a place of burial of the Samanid dynasty founder Ismaila Samani, 10th century), and a mosque minaret Kalyan Give Kalon Madrasah Miri drink the Arab (16 century ) and Ljabi building a complex in the 16th Century reconstructed, with Zoroastrian temple ornaments under). A dinner later in the day. A dinner. Overnight in Bukhara organized.
Day 12: Today you cross to his tour in Bukhara: Ark Fortress (the house of governors of Bukhara), museums inside Ark Fortress, Chor-Minor, summer residence of the governors of Bukhara. A dinner. Depart Bukhara and Khiva moving (6 hours). Arrival to Khiva. Arrival at the hotel. A dinner. Overnight at the hotel is organized in Khiva.
Day 13: After breakfast survey of Khiva attractions: Ichang-Kala is an architectural complex (12-19 century) - 14 residences last khan including Ismail Khodja mausoleum Hana Mohammed Amin Madrasa, Mausoleum of Pahlavan Mahmoud (- the list of World Heritage Site by UNESCO -18 th century), Juma Mosque (10 th century). A dinner later in the day. A dinner. A transfer to Urgench to evening flight to Tashkent, to catch a Arrival in Tashkent. A transfer to Hotel. Overnight at the hotel is organized in Tashkent.
Day 14: In the morning, your guide provides you with the hotel and delivers you to the airport.
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13 - Ulugbeka Observatory in Samarkand
Of historical monuments of Samarkand observatory built by the special place in 1428-1429 Ulugbeka on one of the hills in height, occupied at the height of Chupanat below. After Babura who saw observatories, this was three floors with beautiful names by building round shape crystals covered diameter of 46 meters, 30 meters in height. In the main hall huge instrument of heaven was placed for the observation of the moon, the sun and other stars. The observatory was unique for the time.
The base of the observatory was giant goniometer (vertical circle), the ratio of the circumference was 40 212 meters and arc length was 63 meters. The instrument-sextant was simple, oriented with amazing accuracy the meridian line from south to north. The test facilities Kastalsk modern astronomers and goldfinches, testify. The dimensions of the base unit, happy design, scientific knowledge and its partners Ulugbeka gun is granted the amazing accuracy of astronomical observations.
"Everything that observation and experience he knew the movements of the planets, the memory is supplied in this book," wrote-Ulugbek. In this paper, based summirujutsja astronomical observations made by scientists on this.
The accuracy of the observations of Samarkand astronomers is amazing because they were without the help of optical devices created at a glance. Astronomical content table 1018 star coordinates. Your catalog does not have the sense and lost today. With amazing accuracy the calculation of the year is Star Length Ulugbeka calculation corresponds to 365 days 6 hours 10 minutes increased 8 seconds. The actual length of the star a year to data today includes 365 days 6 hours 9 minutes 9.6 seconds. Thus, the lack of which is less than one minute.
After the death Ulugbeka the observatory was destroyed and stolen religious fanatics. Only in 1908 the archaeologist Vjatkin is the first document that the provision of the observatory was found listed. Unfortunately, only the underground part of sextant and the base of the building was saved. For documents found Scientists have made the model of the observatory.
Admirable Science Center was destroyed, the library of value was looted, and scientists have missed. The sheikh said the mountain as the site of the tomb ", the parrots of the Virgins" and the mausoleum built here, the place of pilgrimage, as a result litsemerov big profits. You like this Samarkand crush the priesthood in humans was scientifically member ulugbek burner and its observatory.